اللغات

Al-Beida Mosque


History


The mosque was built or had its foundation laid after the nearby al-Hamra Mosque, hence it was most likely built after the Marinid era. [3] Boris Maslow, a 20th-century author who wrote about many of Fez's mosques, thought that the building's layout suggested that it originally consisted of a tiny internal area (today's mihrab), which was later developed into the bigger complex that can be seen today. The courtyard (sahn) and its surrounding gallery, which are notably wider than the main prayer hall itself and hence appear to have been erected later, were most likely part of the extension. The mosque's minaret would have been built during this extension. 

Jama' Beida or Jama' Al-Beida, the names of the mosque, respectively, translate as "White Mosque" or "Mosque of the White One." Roger Le Tourneau proposed that the word beida (or bayda), which is grammatically feminine, refers to either a white minaret or a "white lady" (both plausible and grammatically feminine words).

Urban and Architectural


Exterior

The mosque's entrance is situated on Fes el-Grande Jdid's Rue (major road), protruding from the main structure on its western side but currently being bordered by shops or other buildings. A horseshoe-shaped arch serves as the doorway. It is encircled by carved stucco design and covered by a modest overhanging canopy made of carved wood with green roof tiles on top. A ancient public fountain with zellij mosaic tilework is located next to the entrance and is built into the mosque's outer wall. Behind and slightly to the right (or south) of the entryway and the fountain is the mosque's minaret.

Interior

The entry leads to a roughly square courtyard (sahn), which is encircled by an arched gallery and measures 8.17 by 8.47 meters.

The courtyard's floor is tiled with Zellij tiles, and in the center of it is a fountain with a marble basin. The gallery on the courtyard's south side leads to the main prayer hall, which is narrower than the gallery (probably because it is older than the rest of the building and the courtyard was added to expand it). [4] A row of slightly uneven arches further divides this area for prayer. Although it is quite plain and unadorned, the mihrab (niche symbolizing the direction of prayer) has the same shape as the majority of traditional Moroccan mihrabs. 

The ablutions chamber, which is located in the corner between the prayer hall, the courtyard, and the minaret, is now accessible from the street but formerly had a route from the main courtyard. Seven smaller rooms that acted as latrines flank the rectangular water basin in the center of the room. 

Minaret

The minaret features a square shaft and a general shape resembling those seen in Morocco. Each of its sides measures 2.82 meters in width, and its main shaft is 12.6 meters tall. This modest secondary shaft is 3.25 meters tall, and it has a cupola on top. The whitewashed surface of the minaret is very simply embellished with carved reliefs of geometric designs and outlines around the small windows.

Description


References


https://www.archnet.org/sites/6368

Details

الموقع

Fes, Morocco

الرسومات المعمارية

الخريطة

History

The mosque was built or had its foundation laid after the nearby al-Hamra Mosque, hence it was most likely built after the Marinid era. [3] Boris Maslow, a 20th-century author who wrote about many of Fez's mosques, thought that the building's layout suggested that it originally consisted of a tiny internal area (today's mihrab), which was later developed into the bigger complex that can be seen today. The courtyard (sahn) and its surrounding gallery, which are notably wider than the main prayer hall itself and hence appear to have been erected later, were most likely part of the extension. The mosque's minaret would have been built during this extension. 

Jama' Beida or Jama' Al-Beida, the names of the mosque, respectively, translate as "White Mosque" or "Mosque of the White One." Roger Le Tourneau proposed that the word beida (or bayda), which is grammatically feminine, refers to either a white minaret or a "white lady" (both plausible and grammatically feminine words).

Urban and Architectural

Exterior

The mosque's entrance is situated on Fes el-Grande Jdid's Rue (major road), protruding from the main structure on its western side but currently being bordered by shops or other buildings. A horseshoe-shaped arch serves as the doorway. It is encircled by carved stucco design and covered by a modest overhanging canopy made of carved wood with green roof tiles on top. A ancient public fountain with zellij mosaic tilework is located next to the entrance and is built into the mosque's outer wall. Behind and slightly to the right (or south) of the entryway and the fountain is the mosque's minaret.

Interior

The entry leads to a roughly square courtyard (sahn), which is encircled by an arched gallery and measures 8.17 by 8.47 meters.

The courtyard's floor is tiled with Zellij tiles, and in the center of it is a fountain with a marble basin. The gallery on the courtyard's south side leads to the main prayer hall, which is narrower than the gallery (probably because it is older than the rest of the building and the courtyard was added to expand it). [4] A row of slightly uneven arches further divides this area for prayer. Although it is quite plain and unadorned, the mihrab (niche symbolizing the direction of prayer) has the same shape as the majority of traditional Moroccan mihrabs. 

The ablutions chamber, which is located in the corner between the prayer hall, the courtyard, and the minaret, is now accessible from the street but formerly had a route from the main courtyard. Seven smaller rooms that acted as latrines flank the rectangular water basin in the center of the room. 

Minaret

The minaret features a square shaft and a general shape resembling those seen in Morocco. Each of its sides measures 2.82 meters in width, and its main shaft is 12.6 meters tall. This modest secondary shaft is 3.25 meters tall, and it has a cupola on top. The whitewashed surface of the minaret is very simply embellished with carved reliefs of geometric designs and outlines around the small windows.

Description